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Returns the index of the first occurrence of a value in an array.


indexOf( searchElement [, fromIndex ])
Required. The value to locate in array1.
Optional. The array index at which to begin the search. If fromIndex is omitted, the search starts at index 0.

Return Value

The index of the first occurrence of searchElement in the array, or -1 if searchElement is not found.


The following examples illustrate the use of the indexOf method.

// Create an array. (The elements start at index 0.)
 var ar = ["ab", "cd", "ef", "ab", "cd"];

 // Determine the first location of "cd".
 document.write(ar.indexOf("cd") + "<br/>");

 // Output: 1

 // Find "cd" starting at index 2.
 document.write(ar.indexOf("cd", 2) + "<br/>");

 // Output: 4

 // Find "gh" (which is not found).
 document.write (ar.indexOf("gh")+ "<br/>");

 // Output: -1

 // Find "ab" with a fromIndex argument of -2.
 // The search starts at index 3, which is the array length plus -2.
 document.write (ar.indexOf("ab", -2) + "<br/>");
 // Output: 3


The indexOf method searches an array for a specified value. The method returns the index of the first occurrence, or -1 if the specified value is not found.

The search occurs in ascending index order.

The array elements are compared to the searchElement value by strict equality, similar to the === operator. For more information, see Comparison Operators.

The optional fromIndex argument specifies the array index at which to begin the search. If fromIndex is greater than or equal to the array length, -1 is returned. If fromIndex is negative, the search starts at the array length plus fromIndex.

See also

Other articles


[ Array.prototype.indexOf ( searchElement , fromIndex )] ECMAScript® Language Specification Standard ECMA-262 5.1 Edition / June 2011


  • Microsoft Developer Network: Article