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NAT is the system through which many computers are able to talk to the outer world, like the internet , via only one Internet Protocol address (IP address) usually using ports enabling many more people to cohabit the internet’s limited space.


Usually NAT service is provided through a router. Often at home there is one IP address number given by the home’s Internet Service Provider which allows participation on the internet. Using a connected router allows each logged-in user to appear as an individual identity to the outer internet world; while, all are actually sharing this one home IP address number.

Usually the following process is how NAT works:

Whenever a computer sends a request, Tcp/udp, the request contains many other small bits of information among the main information. The ones that enable NAT are Destination Port and Source Port. (see link)

Steps… 1. Server listening at port 80 2. Client/Chrome/Computer at local network sends request to at port 80. (thus Destination Port = 80). 3. Client waits for it on whatever port, let’s say port 200. (thus source port =200) 4. the request goes to router first as client is behind router. 5. The router takes the request change the Source Port to new number, let’s say 400, and sends the request to at 80. Also, remembers that any request that it receives for port 400 is for x ip/client at local network. 6. Server receives the request, since request’s destination was aimed at 80, server accepts as it was listening on it. And return the request with new data at the ip address it received from, the ip address given by isp, and at the port which was defined in source port. So basically, switch the Source port with destination port. 7. Router recieves the request, sees it is meant for port 400, which it knows mean some computer in local network so it redirects that request to that ip address of local network which may look like and where as its public ip may been something like this